As you might already know, joints are responsible for supporting movement, and among them, the knee is one of the hardest working joints in our body. This complex joint is, surprisingly, one of the newer developmental additions to the human body.
A generally agreed upon theory is that Hominids, an early species of humans, didn’t become bipedal or start walking upright until around 4.4 million years ago. Although early hominids were capable of walking upright, they probably didn’t move around exactly as we do today. They retained many primitive features — such as long, curved fingers and toes, longer arms and shorter legs — that indicate they spent their time in trees. It was only after the emergence of Hominid Erectus around 1.89 million years ago, that hominids grew taller, evolved longer and stronger legs and became completely terrestrial creatures.
As a result, the human knee has had less than 2 million years to evolve from a tree-dwelling lifestyle to an upright, walking one, as a primary weight-bearing joint. Even the average human body mass has increased by an estimated 400% but our knees haven’t undergone the same level of rapid evolution.
What is the actual structure of the knee?
The knee is a simple “ball and socket” joint. The “ball” is provided by the end of the Femur (the upper leg bone) and the “socket”, although it is rather flattened, is provided by the Tibia (the lower leg bone. One sits on top of the other and they’re bound together tougher by super strong ligaments that are inside, at the front and either side of the knee.
The knee can be easily visualized as having developed to stop the Tibia and foot moving downwards as we hung from tree branches, rather than evolving to bear the entire body mass and rapid changes in direction when moving.
The tendons and ligaments are made up of very strong fibrous connective tissue. Tendons connect muscles to bones, allowing us to move, while ligaments are there to help hold things in place.
Here’s what you need to know about knee injuries…
Apart from major traumatic injuries that can render the knee completely immobile, the most common injuries to the connective tissues of the knee result from repetitive microtrauma, overuse, malalignment or instability.
Generally, injuries that do not result in instant immobility, involve breakage of some of the smaller fibrous strands (collagen fibres) that make up tendons and ligaments. Such breakages, similar to the breakage of fibres in a rope, tend to flare outwards, and with continued movement, they can irritate the lining of the tendons and ligament sheaths as we move.
This irritation causes an inflammatory response from our immune system, meaning immune cytokines and enzymes are tasked with clearing up the broken collagen fibres.
Unfortunately, if we try to “tough it through” with such injuries, our immune system will also attack the larger lubricating molecules found inside the tendon and ligament sheathes, breaking down their lubricating properties. This, in turn, results in ever-increasing damage and is clinically known as a Centre of Irritative Focus, which can be quite difficult to reverse.
That’s why the Lubricen® is a knee patch revolution with its tech-enhanced approach to knee & joint problems. Lubricen® is embedded with the revolutionary diamagnetic microarray technology that helps push the active molecules contained in the lubricating formula deep through the skin barrier and into the tissue around the knee.
Along with that, the drug-free formula used in the patch addresses joint inflammation, supports joint function, and provides relief at the core rather than just superficially, offering the consumer an ongoing solution without any fear of side effects.
The Lubricen® knee patch is ideal for anyone who enjoys staying active or those that, for whatever reason, spend most of their day being active without rest. The high molecular weight proteoglycans found in the Lubricen® knee patch have been shown to be highly effective in treating Cartilage dehydration and injury. They can also help with maintaining critical hydration and lubrication in Tendon and Ligament injuries.